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References to Nick Cardy

Although Nick Cardy's career has not been as well documented as other great comic talents, there are nuggets of knowledge that can be gleaned here and there.
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You might be shocked to know about all those references.

Biographical information

  • The Art of Nick Cardy (Coates Publishing) - THE BOOK. How to order it!!!    My review.
  • Comic Book Marketplace 48 (Gemstone Publishing) - An excellent Nick Cardy interview by John Coates. Cardy talks about his influences, the Iger Studio, Will Eisner, WWII, and more. Get this magazine!!!
  • The Brave and the Bold 91 (DC Comics) - A full page Cardy biography in the letters page of this issue (no letters were printed).

Golden age related

  • Comic Book Marketplace 15 (Marketplace Publications) - Article on the classic Congo Bill series by Dr. Gerard Voland. Includes black and white reprints of the covers to the 7 issues and descriptions of the stories.
  • Rio Rita (Paragon Publishing, AC Comics) - Edited by Bill Black. Reprints some Senorita Rio stories, drawn by Nick Viscardi, from Fight Comics. There is also a history of the Senorita Rio character and her other artists, there are guesses as to which stories were drawn by Visdardi. These reprints tie-in with AC Comics' Rita Rio character who is the niece of the original Senorita Rio.
  • Ron Goulart's Comic Book History 3 - 5 (The Goulart Publishing Empire) - The history of good girl art. Nick Viscardi is one of the artists to whom Goulart has pointed as an influence in early good girl art.
  • Comic Buyer's Guide 1430 April 13, 2001 (Krause Publications) - Luck...Lady Luck by Jack Abramowitz. An profusely illustrated article on the artists, Peecolo, artistic handling and publishing history of Lady Luck. A sidebar article, The Spirit and Lady Luck meet Mr. Mystic also by Jack Abramowitz about a crossover story of these three characters "Christmas Spirit" in the 12/28/41 Spirit section.
  • Lady Luck Volume 2 (Ken Pierce Archives) - Reprints of Lady Luck Stories. Article by Cat Yronwode about the Lady Luck artists, Chuck Mazoujian, Nicholas Viscardi, Klaus Nordling and Fred Schwab. Nick introduced "Peecolo", Lady Luck's family chauffeur who learned her secret identity and became her aid.
  • Seduction of the Innocent (Eclipse Comics) - Reprints of horror stories published by Standard Comics. The Horror... The History column by Jim Vadeboncoeur, Jr. The columns in each of the 6 issues cover anything related to the Standard Comics. Originally Seduction of the Innocent was to be a 3 issue reprint series, it ended up running for 6 issues.
    • From issue 2. After working on Lady Luck, Nick worked for Fiction House and Quality in 1940 - 1941. Nick stayed with Fiction House until he joined DC in 1950. It seems Nick worked exclusively for Standard Comics' horror, love, war and crime stories from 1952 to 1954 when the company closed. Vadeboncoeur asks why Murphy Anderson, Ruben Moreira, Alex Toth and Nick Cardy, who were all working for DC in 1950, would have left to go to Standard in 1952. He also says that Toth was the house style while at Standard from early 1952 to early 1954 and his style was emulated by Art Saaf, Mike Sekowsky and Nick.
    • From issue 3. This article was published in 1985. The column ends with the thought that fans these days are ignorant of comics history. "They don't give a damn that Nick Cardy drew The (Old) Teen Titans, but can't wait to see how 'hot' the George Perez issues are in the latest guides. They scare me."
    • From issue 4. Referring to World's Apart (from Standard's Lost Worlds 5) about a scientist who teleports to a microscopic world to rescue a girl... "This is actually a pretty decent script that foreshadows The Atom stories and Harlan Ellison's 'The Brute That Shouted Love at the Heart of the Atom' in Marvel's Hulk. Cardy's artwork is perfect for the story and points clearly to the fact that Standard was a cut above many of its contemporaries."
    • From issue 5. The original art reprinted in the series has lead to questions regarding the inner workings of Standard Comics. Too confusing to summarize the points about Cardy. Quoting once again... " Take the simple question of who was 'on staff' at Standard during the 1952 - 1954 period? Richard Halequa tells me the art drawn by Mike Sekowsky has a 'staff' stamp on the bottom and that Nick Cardy doesn't. Ergo, Sekowsky was staff, Cardy wasn't. But let's step back a bit and look at the rest of the picture. Sekowsky's work can be found elsewhere (Atlas, St. John, Fawcett, Sterling, etc.) for the entire '52 - '54 period except for the five months of Nov. '53 to March '54; while Nick Cardy appears nowhere at Standard from 1952 to Oct. of 1953. So, was Sekowsky a 'staff' artist who freelanced elsewhere? Was Cardy a freelancer who worked only at Standard? Did Sekowsky replace Cardy as a staff member? Take your pick. The point I want to make is that, even though we don't have data on every comic published, the new data we do get doesn't supersede the old data. It must be added to it in such a way that it all makes sense. Before Richard found this art, it seemed obvious that, staff-wise, Cardy was in, Sekowsky out. Now, who knows? More often than not, new data = new questions!"
  • True Love - Reprints of love stories published by Standard Comics. In Your Hands column by James Vadeboncoeur, Jr.
    • From issue 1. Regarding Chained to My Past (from Standard's Intimate Love 20) about a girl with a bad reputation due to her parents' actions.... " Nick is an artist whose work seems to effortlessly convey reality. A real pro who is largely ignored by fandom for no discernible reason."
    • From isse 2. Regarding Two-Timer (from Standard's New Romances 13) about a girl who says she's single in order to get a job so she can put her husband through school... "His inks here make me think that perhaps someone else was inking 'Chained to My Past' last issue."
  • The Iger Comics Kingdom by Jay Edward Disbrow (Blackthorne Publishing, Inc.) - A treatise on the Iger Studio by one of its artists. A good accounting of the good old days. No mention of Cardy except in a listing of cover art credits for Fiction House titles (Fight, Jumbo, Jungle, Rangers and Wings) including a couple by Viscardi.

Silver age related

  • Comic Book Artist 1 Spring 1998 (TwoMorrows) - This new magazine features 2 Cardy related articles. "Ruining the West & Loving It!" by Tom Stewart is about the creation of DC's Bat Lash, featuring comments by Sergio Aragones, Denny O'Neil and Nick Cardy. "The Battle Over Jericho" (no writing credit mentioned) is about Teen Titans 20, "Titans Fit the Battle of Jericho" which originally would have introduced DC's first black super-hero, Jericho. The article includes comments by Marv Wolfman and Len Wein (the original writers), Neal Adams, Dick Giordano and Nick Cardy.
  • Comic Book Artist 2 Summer 1998 (TwoMorrows) - In the letters page, John Coates comments on Sergio Aragones' in CBA 1.
  • Comic Book Artist 3 Winter 1999 (TwoMorrows) - In the letters page, Carmine Infantino comments on various articles in CBA 1.
  • Comic Book Artist 4 Spring 1999 (TwoMorrows) - In the letters page, Carmine Infantino comments on the Bat Lash article in CBA 1.
  • Comic Book Artist 5 Summer 1999 (TwoMorrows) - Nick Cardy painted cover. This was to have been the cover to the Greatest 60's Stories Ever Told hardcover by DC. Unfortunately it was never published. The Cardy related articles in CBA 1 are referenced again. Cardy is referenced in interviews with Denny O'Neil and Steve Skeates.
  • Comic Buyer's Guide 1351 October 8, 1999 (Krause Publications) - Ask Mr. Silver Age column by Craig Shutt. Mark Waid's Top 10 favorite comics includes Teen Titans 14 (cover by Cardy, story by Bob Haney, pencils by Frank Springer, inks Cardy).
  • Comic Buyer's Guide 1352 October 15, 1999 (Krause Publications) - Ask Mr. Silver Age column by Craig Shutt. Kurt Busiek's Top 10 favorite comics includes Teen Titans 16 (cover by Cardy, story by Bob Haney, art by Cardy).
  • Comics Buyer's Guide 1243 September 12, 1997 (Krause Publications) - Point of View column by Mark Evanier. Partial reprint of a previous column on Nick Cardy and a plug for "The Art of Nick Cardy".
  • The Comics Journal 72 (Fantagraphics Books, Inc.) - Neal Adams interview. Adams briefly talks with Gary Groth about the controversial Teen Titans 20, "Titans Fit the Battle of Jericho", which was pencilled by Adams and inked by Cardy (along with pages pencilled and inked by Cardy). Adams and Cardy also collaborated on Teen Titans 21 and 22.
  • The Comics Journal 191 (Fantagraphics, Inc.) - Carmine Infantino interview. Infantino refers to Cardy and Alex Toth as his all time favorites and he and Gary Groth engage in a short discussion about Cardy.
  • The Official Teen Titans Index 1 - 2 (5 issue series, Independent Comics Group) - Biographies of the 1960's and 1980's characters, color reprints of covers, writing and art credits, plot synopsis for early Teen Titans appearances, New Teen Titans 1-53 and The Hawk and the Dove series. The 1980's Teen Titans series is covered in issues 3-5. All in all, it's still a good reference.
  • The Great Comic Book Artists vol. 2 by Ron Goulart (Ron Goulart) - Brief articles about all the greats.

Comic convention related

  • 1996 Heroes Convention Guide (Heroes Convention) - Includes a short write-up of Cardy's career. Cardy makes his first comics convention appearance in over 20 years.
  • 1998 Comic Con International Guide (Comic Con International/San Diego Comic Con) - Includes a revised short write-up of Cardy's career. It is essentially the same information provided in the 1996 Heroes Convention Guide.
  • Comics Buyer's Guide 1243 September 12, 1997 (Krause Publications) - Point of View column by Mark Evanier. Evanier's recap of the 1997 San Diego Comic-Con's Classic Batman Panel. According to the article, Bob Haney was called up from the Legion of Substitute Batman Panelists due to Win Mortimer and Robert Kanigher not being able to be on the panel. Evanier reminds the uninitiated that Bob Haney also worked with Cardy on Aquaman and Teen Titans. Evanier suggests a boycott of the 1998 San Diego Comic-Con if Cardy is not invited as a Guest of Honor.
  • Comics Buyer's Guide 1289 July 31, 1998 (Krause Publications) - Point of View column by Mark Evanier. Evanier calls off a boycott of the 1998 San Diego Comic-Con (see previous item). Evanier announces that Cardy will be attending as a Guest of Honor. The column gives a nice, detailed account of Cardy's career as a comic artist.
  • Comics Buyer's Guide 1290 August 7, 1998 (Krause Publications) - Point of View column by Mark Evanier. Evanier announces he'll be hosting the Nick Cardy panel, which will also include Bat Lash creators, Sergio Aragones and Denny O'Neil along with Marv Wolfman (Teen Titans).
  • Comics Buyer's Guide 1294 September 4, 1998 (Krause Publications) - Point of View column by Mark Evanier. Evanier corrects some misinformation he mentioned in his column in CBG 1289. Burne Hogarth did not write the Tarzan strip while Cardy was drawing it. Evanier credits Bob Barrett, Edgar Rice Burroughs expert, for informing him that Robert P. Thompson wrote all the Tarzan strips illustrated by Dan Barry, John Lehti, Paul Reinman and Cardy.
  • Comics Buyer's Guide 1296 September 18, 1998 (Krause Publications) - Point of View column by Mark Evanier. A brief look at Cardy in Artist's Alley at the San Diego Comic Con. Evanier also relates Cardy's recollection of the now legendary story of Mike Sekowsky's drawing speed. Sekowsky brings DC a job they needed done in a hurry. Murray Boltinoff tells Sekowsky that he should have taken more time. Boltinoff gives Sekowsky another job and tells him to take his time. A couple of days later, Cardy stops by Sekowsky's place and he sees the completed job sitting there. Sekowsky tells Cardy about having to take his time. More days pass and Sekowsky brings in the pages and Boltinoff compliments Sekowsky on how much his art looks when he takes his time.
  • Comics Buyer's Guide 1297 September 25, 1998 (Krause Publications) - Point of View column by Mark Evanier. Evanier's summary of panels he moderated on Friday, August 14. Among them, the Spotlight on Nick Cardy panel. See my account. Also, Evanier's summary of the Golden Age panel refers to Cardy, Bob Haney, Paul Norris, Fred Guardineer, Joe Simon, Sheldon Moldoff, Ramona Fradon, Joe Simon and Dick Sprang.
  • Comics Buyer's Guide 1299 October 9, 1998 (Krause Publications) - Point of View column by Mark Evanier. Evanier's summary of the American Association of Comicbook Collectors banquet honoring John Severin. Cardy and a host of Golden Age and Silver Age creators were in attendance.

1980's comics related magazines
The popularity of the New Teen Titans and explosion of comics and comics related magazines in the 1980's generated its share of brief references to Nick Cardy. Nick's last comics work was about 5 years before the New Teen Titans and there were probably very few reasons to mention Nick in comics related magazines prior to that. So these are some of the earliest references to Nick since he left comics.

  • Amazing Heroes No. 2, July 1981 (Zam, Inc.) - Teen Titans overview by Tom Burkert and Teen Titans index. Burkert explains the genesis of the Teen Titans and key trends in the Teen Titans comic book (and behind the scenes). The Teen Titans index predates the 5 issue Teen Titans index by Independent Comics Group by a few years. This index covers Teen Titans appearances prior to the 1960's series through the New Teen Titans No. 11.
  • Comics Feature No. 12/13 September/October 1981 (New Media Publishing, Inc.) - Marv Wolfman interview. Wolfman mentions Cardy has he goes over Teen Titans 18 and 20 and the origin of Wonder Girl with Peter Sanderson and Peter Gillis.
  • The Comics Journal No. 79 (Fantagraphics, Inc.) - George Perez interview with Steve Ringgenberg and Gary Groth. When asked if his version of Speedy was influenced by Neal Adams, Perez says Adams basically drew Speedy as if he was Robin. And Adams had to draw them together only a couple of times and then Adams was inked by Cardy.
  • Comics Collector No. 3 Spring 1984 (Krause Publications, Inc.) - Twenty Years with the Teen Titans by Lou Mougin. An overview of 1960's Teen Titans and the New Teen Titans.
  • FA (Fantasy Advertiser) No. 110 March 1989 (Trident Comics) - A British comics fanzine from the 1970's - 1980's in the mold similar to Comics Journal and Amazing Heroes. Nick Cardy: A Minor Talent by Mike Kidson. The title, A Minor Talent, comes from Kidson's observation that (as of 1989) so little of Cardy's career is known and so little of his work is reprinted that there is little appreciation for Cardy after he left comics. Kidson's reason for writing the article was because of DC's reprinting of Teen Titans 13 in Christmas with the Superheroes and the Teen Titans Index (Independent Comics Group). I suppose the Christmas with the Superheroes was a recent reprint for the British audience since DC had put that out in the 1970's. In any case this is probably the earliest article (about 2 pages of text, 1 page of illustrations) solely devoted to Nick Cardy. Kidson also makes references to Ronald Reagan, Shakespeare, Beethoven as well as Neal Adams, Lou Fine, Mort Meskin, Carmine Infantino, Dick Giordano, Mike Kaluta, Bernie Wrightson and Jim Aparo. The article collects most of its information from sources also listed in this section of the web site. But Kidson also asserts questionable facts. Cardy was influenced by Will Eisner (we know that!), Alex Toth (??) and Joe Kubert (double ??). Toth for his layouts, Eisner for his cartooning and Kubert for his finishes. Kidson also writes that Cardy took responsibility for coloring his stories and covers. Using Teen Titans 13 as a reference point, there are some interesting observations. Four square panels and one page with panel is a favorite page layout. Cardy, Kurt Schaffenberger, Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko drew characters in two different styles which he calls "Heroes and Villians." The author's favorite Cardy covers are Teen Titans 13, 17 and Aquaman 40 and 53.

Other references

  • Comic Buyer's Guide 1436 May 25, 2001 (Krause Publications) - Maggie Thompson's editorial column now sports her portrait by Nick Cardy. Thompson thanks Cardy and comments that she's loved Cardy's work. "Just goes to show a true artist can make anyone look good."
  • Understanding Comics by Scott McCloud (Kitchen Sink Press, Inc.) - The much hailed explanation of comics. Cardy is mentioned along with other comics greats regarding style.
  • Comics Buyer's Guide 1241 August 29, 1997 (Krause Publications) - Comics Guide section by Maggie Thompson. Here's the review of Big Bang Comics #11 (Erik Larson): "... is a retro-feel anthology written and drawn by an assortment of people. It's a noble try to appeal to Silver Age fans by attempting to re-create the feel of the era - without Carmine Infantino, Murphy Anderson, Nick Cardy, Jack Kirby, Gil Kane, etc. This and AC Comics do their best for fans of simple storytelling - with AC maintaining a slight edge, thanks to inclusion of reprints of actual period material along with the new." Nothing specifically about Cardy. However, it is a veritable Who's Who of the DC Silver Age. Except for a lapse, Curt Swan would probably be named in the list, although he is definitely in the "etc". In any case, it's good to see Cardy in the pack!!!
  • The Comic Book Heroes by Will Jacobs and Gerard Jones (Crown Publishers, Inc.) - A history of characters, creators, creative trends, successes and shortcomings in comics from the Silver Age to the present (published in 1985). Cardy is mentioned a few times in connection with Aquaman, Bat Lash and the Teen Titans.

If you know of any other references to Nick Cardy, let me know.

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